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Posted January 1, 2012 at 12:01 am by Gus Griffin · Permalink · Comments Closed
In: Instinx (General)

Freedom is the courage to choose

Question asked on Quora back in 2015: How can I achieve freedom?

Gus Griffin’s reply (21 April 2015): There’s no such thing as simple “freedom”. There is only “freedom from” or “freedom to”. What do you want to be free from? What do you want to be free to do?

When we say “it’s a free country”, what we actually mean by this is that we think we are free to do more things in this country than we think other people are allowed to do in some other countries. One of the most important freedoms in a “free country” being the right to come and go as you please: which makes you free from the restrictions of that country whenever you choose to be.

I remember living in a densely populated Asian city where it was impossible to walk down the street without being bumped or jostled. After a year of this, I was well and truly sick of it. The freedom I craved more than any other – I was always thinking about it – was simply to be free to walk in a straight line when I went outside. So I went to the Australian Outback for my holidays and revelled in the freedom I had to move in whatever direction I wanted to without interference. You wouldn’t think that anybody could have that much fun just by walking in a straight line, but I sure did!

Functionally, when a person doesn’t feel free, in some way they feel their power of choice is being denied them. You may need to change your circumstances so that you can exercise more choice about what you accept or reject in life – as I did in my holiday (in fact, I then quit my job and never went back). Or sometimes you can just start making these choices for yourself regardless of what anyone else is trying to get you to choose. A little less cooperating might win you more freedom than you expect.

Probably you have more physical freedom than you think. We often feel trapped when we are not willing to pay the price that some choices entail. So it’s the cost of making the choice that’s holding you back, not the actual restriction.  You could choose a different situation, but you aren’t willing to give up or go through what you have to in order to make that choice. 

Or you don’t want to make some other person feel bad, even when he or she feels ok about making you feel bad. Perhaps it is time to balance the scales.

Sometimes all that is really trapping you is your own fears – and when you make the choice to feel the fear and do it anyway, all of a sudden you feel you have more freedom than you did a moment ago.

In other words, you don’t feel free because of the way you are looking at your situation. Finding a different way to look at it can give you a much greater feeling of freedom and cause you to act with greater freedom too.

People often feel trapped by life – as if someone or something out there is doing it to us – when in fact it is our own feelings and reactions to things that are doing the trapping. Any time you feel your freedom is curtailed, ask yourself: What am I reacting to here? How could I try to react differently? 

This brings into clearer view the ways that you are making yourself feel trapped. And it is possible to permanently change the way you react to things – I help people do this every day.

For more info on ways to try to react differently to things, this earlier answer of mine might also be helpful: Why is my life so hard?

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Posted July 5, 2019 at 1:03 pm by Gus Griffin · Permalink · Leave a comment
In: Misc

Rezoning Yourself―anytime, anywhere

Asked on Quora today: What’s something that sounds truly easy to learn but is indeed truly difficult?

Gus Griffin’s reply: Not thinking. Ask anyone to stop thinking for just 30 seconds and see how they go. Chances are they won’t make it to 10 seconds.

This is actually a mentally healthy thing to do, if you do it in a way that improves your powers of concentration.

Like this: close your eyes (to cut down on distracting stimuli) and focus your attention on some body part you can feel—like the point where your lips touch each other (or two fingers or toes touch, etc). Then just keep your attention there without thinking anything else.

As above, you won’t be able to do it for long, but every time you notice your attention has wandered, just bring it back to the same point on your body. Keep doing this over and over for a few minutes and it will refresh your focus and improve your attitude.

You will stop noticing the difference this refresher makes after a few minutes, but it will actually keep on making you more alert and responsive for several hours afterwards. It’s a great way to prepare whenever you want to perform at your best. Also very helpful in moving on from upsets and aggravation.

I call it Rezoning. It’s the most effective way of “exercising mindfulness” I’ve ever tested—and believe me, I’ve tested dozens.


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Posted July 1, 2019 at 2:45 am by Gus Griffin · Permalink · Leave a comment
In: Misc

The real source of behaviour

Question asked on Quora today: Why is it a natural human instinct the more money you make the more you will spend?

Gus Griffin’s reply: Sorry, but this isn’t a “natural human instinct”. An instinct is a response or reaction shared by all members of a species.

It may be a common inclination, but it’s clearly not universal. I’d guess that the instinct which usually actuates spendthrift behaviour is our instinctive desire for gratification. But this would be outweighed by some other instinctive desire—like for security, for instance—in people who don’t behave as you describe.

Human behaviour patterns are generated when contending instinctive desires come into play, like simple elements making up complex molecules. Of all the hundreds or thousands of patterns you can detect in the conduct of human beings, almost all of them can be explained in terms of the interplay of just fifteen simple native reactions.

The proof of this claim is—at—when we show a person how to “tune up” or “tune down” one of these simplest of responses, their inefficiencies or bad habits then instantly improve for all time.

Master your instincts and you master all of life.

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Posted June 23, 2019 at 7:02 pm by Gus Griffin · Permalink · Leave a comment
In: Misc

Being true to clients

I came across an excellent piece today about the ‘client relationship’. The article happened to be about the marketing/advertising industry, but the underlying principles expressed apply to any situation in which you must make that judgement between how much to give the client what they say they want versus how much to convince them to accept what you believe they need.

It’s just a 5-minute read:

Here also is what I wrote in response:

Can you hear it? This is me giving you a standing ovation for this article, Steve. And I’m keeping it going until my hands are sore.

Bravo, bravo, bravo. Ever since I read Strunk’s Elements of Style back in 1970 and Robert Collier’s Letter Book a few years later, I have not read anything as sensible and workable about the business of advertising as this article of yours.

I do know whereof I speak. Fifty years ago, I was a bit of a whiz kid in this field. Before my 18th birthday, they had me writing international campaigns (in partnership with a highly-gifted Visualizer, of course) for likes of TWA, Kodak, 3M, Mitsubishi, Alitalia, P&O, Glaxo, Parker, etc.

And most of what I’ve read over the years about the “handling of the client” has been pure drivel — or just clever bits at the tactical level that always come to nought when you fail to get the relationship and the strategy right.

Sometimes there is no getting a relationship right — and you just have to cope with that reality. A continental Kodak client comes to mind, who alwaysrejected at least the first two submissions for any project, regardless of their quality. We learned the hard way that this was the client’s way of making sure he got his “money’s worth” out of us — and anyone in the agency who tried to buck this insanity — in Creative or in Client Contact — would come to grief over it sooner or later.

Only when we accepted this “cost of doing business” did we learn how to “play” this particular “relationship”. But I also hasten to add that we never surrendered our duty to do the very best for our client, no matter how difficult he made it.

By hook or by crook, we always managed to make sure that our best submission was the one that he eventually approved. When we timed it wrong, and he approved one of our “filler submissions”, we then had to pretend to outdo ourselves as if our commando creative team had pulled rank on our regular team — or whatever similar explanation would convince him that the best submission was the one that had been most inconvenient and costly for the agency to come up with. Then he was happy.

This may not be the kind of challenging relationship you had in mind when writing your article above. But it does speak to how crazily Catch-22ish that client contact can become — and yet still permit you to accomplish great things for your client, if you don’t abandon your integrity and expertise in service to their misunderstanding of your role.

In any field of human endeavour, there is a line we must not cross in seeking to please misguided bosses or clients, not if we don’t want to lose our self-respect and have our career become soul-destroying. And personally, I think there are few industries so devious at cajoling you across that line as is the advertising industry.

As Bob Dylan reminds us: You gotta serve somebody. That is the the high road to fulfilment. But only if you don’t follow it slavishly. You have to remain true to your own reality of what does serve others — not pedantically, but adaptively (sans ego)— and this article provides an excellent recipe for how to achieve that.

Well done!

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Posted June 17, 2019 at 7:33 pm by Gus Griffin · Permalink · Leave a comment
In: Misc

What You Can Do

Question Gus was asked on Quora: How can one single person change the world?

His reply: Thanks for asking this question – it’s an important one.

I think that only one person can change the world … and that starts with the personal decision to do so.

There’s a famous scene in the Apollo 13 movie where Tom Hanks’ character (astronaut Jim Lovell) is standing in his backyard looking up at the moon on the night in 1969 that Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin first landed on it. He turns to his wife and says: “It’s not a miracle, you know: we just decided to do it.”

Staying with space examples for the moment, in recent years one man, Elon Musk, has completely rejuvenated worldwide interest in getting to Mars. Of course, after he made the decision to commit to that vision, thousands of other people have been buying into it, in small ways or big ways, making it possible for plans to be laid and pursued. Nevertheless, without Elon Musk as the initiating influence, it’s unlikely anyone else would have garnered the same interest and support. What we don’t know is whether someone else convinced him it was a good idea.

We wouldn’t have had people landing on the moon in 1969 if John F. Kennedy had not set that as a goal for the whole nation in 1961. That’s a well known fact. But what most people don’t know is that it was then Vice-president Lyndon B. Johnson who convinced Kennedy this was the goal they needed to capture the nation’s imagination: nothing less.

Even then, they both had to keep selling the project hard over the next 4 years (Kennedy dying in the meantime) before it finally achieved a momentum of its own. So we have Johnson to thank, along with the thousands like Kennedy who then helped make the vision come true, that it happened when it did.

But who was it who first convinced Johnson of this? It’s unlikely that he came up with it all by himself. It could have even been someone wholly unqualified who first made the suggestion. Some young intern or somebody working on Johnson’s ranch in Texas.

History will never know the answer to that question, but it seems more than likely to me that the idea passed through several “hands” before it reach the vice-president of the United States, who then convinced the President of its likely value.

Nothing is as powerful as an idea whose time has come. -Victor Hugo

Virtually every human artefact you see in front of you today started out as an idea in one mind. The fact that it looks and functions the way it does today will be the result of many different inputs that also started out as ideas in many other minds, modifying the original conception. And many of those people may have made a greater contribution to turning the idea into a reality than its originator.

Nevertheless, without the original idea it is almost certain the thing you see before you would have turned out differently and at a later date, if at all. And the same for all the modifying inputs. Every single input represents one person changing the world a little or a lot.

The reason we don’t have more positive change occurring in the world right now is because people don’t realize how much power they can wield to do good. They let themselves off the hook by asking, Yes, but what can I do? The pity of it is that each of us can do so much more than we think we can.

All you ever have to do is see for yourself what is needed in the world around you and then try to help make it happen. It matters not whether you originate a new idea or simply make a difference to what’s already happening through your own contribution, small or great. You are still one person having some impact. Keep on trying to bring about what you see is needed in whatever way seems practical to you and you will end up changing the world too.

If you think that sounds like a good idea, here’s another Quora answer of mine that gives more detail on how to go about it and stick with it: What are some things you realize as you get older?

By the way, this will transform you too in the process. The longer you persist in implementing what you see is needed, the higher your own self-esteem will climb.


Only a few of Gus’s answers on Quora have been copied
to this blog. To see more of his insights on Quora click here.


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Posted April 22, 2019 at 2:59 pm by Gus Griffin · Permalink · Leave a comment
In: Misc

Appropriateness Determines Success

Question Gus was asked on Quora today: Is ‘getting bored’ a survival instinct?

His reply: I can understand how you could have a question about this. On the face of it, it’s difficult to see how boredom could have evolved as a pro-survival emotion or attitude.

The thing to appreciate, though, is that no single attitude or emotion is useful or helpful in all situations. There is no universally “right” or positive attitude.

Even the human attitudes that are most commonly welcomed—like friendliness, kindness, confidence, courage, love, etc—can get you into a lot of trouble when they are instinctively triggered in the wrong circumstances.

Continuing to be friendly to people who are actively trying to do you harm is simply self-destructive. Being kind to those who are harming others is socially destructive. Confidently proceeding on a course of action when you haven’t first determined the risks could wind you up in a wheelchair—or with a Darwin award. Continuing to love someone who is too self-absorbed to love you back in the same way can ruin your life. And so on.

Boredom results when a person is reacting with a passive attitude to circumstances that really call for a more responsive or proactive attitude. For instance, when your intuition is just to observe what’s going on, but there is nothing much going on, then you will end up feeling bored.

However, if you were in the middle of a riot, the instinct to just passively observe what’s going on—rather than get swept up in the hysteria of the moment—would be a very pro-survival reaction. It would allow you to see dangers coming and so avoid them.

The survival value of any human emotion or attitude lies in its appropriateness to current circumstances. Psychologists call this aspect of mental operation: relevance.

The human brain has evolved to produce relevant instinctive reactions, but it is certainly not perfect at this. All human reactions are potentially relevant responses in various types of scenarios, however the more violent reactions are less likely to be useful in a modern civilized setting.

Whenever you feel disappointed in a situation, or whatever you are trying to do continues to feel difficult: this happens because your intuition is continuing to urge you to react to the situation you are facing in a way that is not sufficiently relevant to circumstances.

In which case, you have to find a better way to look at what is going on, one that is more relevant and thus more likely to lead you to bring about a positive outcome. In most cases involving persisting boredom, this means giving yourself more permission to a) focus on your own desires instead of going along with what you might think is the “right thing”, or b) lighten up, forget about problem-solving and see what would give you pleasure in the current situation—and “pro-act” accordingly.

Instinx Performance Coaching progressively and permanently improves the relevance of your instinctive reactions—thus transforming your ability to achieve what you want.

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Posted April 21, 2019 at 1:46 am by Gus Griffin · Permalink · Leave a comment
In: Misc

The Best Partner For Me

Question Gus was asked on Quora: How can I tell if I really want to be with someone or if I am just desperate for attention?

Reply: It’s easy to get confused about this. All sorts of emotional baggage from the past can get mixed up in what you’re feeling now and so make it really difficult to know your true feelings.

Looking over the answers given to this question so far, I see most of them recommend a logical approach of assessing how much you care about the other person, etc. But this is easier said than done.

It might be compulsions dictating your love for the person, for instance, making you feel you can’t live without them. When you’re in such a manic state, it certainly feels like you care about them, even if it is compulsive rather than authentic.

There are many variations on this, how instinctive reactions can obscure our true feelings and desires, but there is one guideline about love that I have found very useful over the years. I first taught it to my three daughters as each one started dating, and they found it so helpful that I have been sharing it with others ever since.

It is simply this rule of thumb: do not look to see how much you love the other person in a relationship, but rather look to see how much you like yourself when you are with them.

If they bring out the best in you, then you know you are in a healthy relationship. If not, then keep on looking for a suitable match: because the one you’re with is not it!

Only a few of Gus’s answers on Quora have been copied to this blog. To see more of his insights on Quora click here.
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Posted April 7, 2019 at 2:27 pm by Gus Griffin · Permalink · Leave a comment
In: Misc

What makes motivation work

Question Gus was asked on Quora today: How is motivation the key to success?

Reply: Motivation alone is NOT the key to success.

It certainly helps to be motivated. You are unlikely to achieve much without a sturdy motivation pushing you along your chosen path, but motivation only turns into actual desired results when it is backed up by personal ability.

Here is an excerpt from an article I wrote about ten years ago which explains what makes for personal success in more detail. This is backed up by 29 years of experience in permanently improving the ability of senior execs (and other high achievers) to perform at their job:

Attitudes which influence ability to work (and play) arise from two complementary but distinct mental processes: 1) natural aptitude (talent) for the tasks involved, and 2) degree of motivation to engage in some activity.

Though motivation is a mental state, it’s influenced more by external reinforcement than by internal factors: encouragement, acceptance from others, desirable outcomes, shared visions, peer pressure, threats, things like that. So also is motivation weakened by opposing external influences such as discouragement, rejection, undesirable outcomes, lack of results, disagreement, etc.

Being so easily affected by such a var­iety of inputs, motivation is relat­ive­­ly easy to raise in the short term. That’s why it gets the lion’s share of attention from most motivational gurus. It’s just not that hard to rev up a person’s motivation in the short term.

But motivating alone does not impart lasting improvement in a per­son’s ability to perform. To ensure their gain is stable and permanent, you must improve aptitude as well, which is a much tougher nut to crack: because aptitude derives from an inner instinctive source.

People unconsciously prac­tice an in­stinct­ive selectivity toward how they go about things and it is these natural inclinations that determine how easy or difficult any activity feels. The more instinctive apt­itude you have for some­thing, the easier you find it to do. The less you have, the more difficult and daunting a task feels.

Gaining skill is supposed to make some desired result less difficult to achieve: that’s what the entire education industry wants us to believe. And it should also have an improving effect on attitude too: giving more confidence, for instance. But the truth is that con­sciously improving skill only im­pacts on perform­ance to the degree your instinctive aptitude allows it.

This explains why a stud­ent can do well in courses, but still struggle on the job. Trying to build skill, without natural talent already present to support it, is like trying to plant crops in rocky soil. (Parents of kids in high school please take note—let talent point to career!)

The way Nature has designed things, instincts trump knowhow. We humans tend to think our intellect has learned to keep our instincts in check, but this entire dichotomy is constructed of instinctive processes. On an individual basis, we only act more civilized to the degree our instinctive aptitude translates that civilizing knowhow into action.

When it doesn’t—when “what’s appropriate” is not apparent or feels difficult to conform to—we resort to older, less acceptable behaviours … which often get us into trouble.

(This also explains why results from all training courses today vary so much from one student to the next, even when all re­ceive the same quality of instruc­tion. Their performance out­come is moderated by instinctive aptitude, not conscious intelligence.)

The natural inclinations of aptitude com­prise not only a special ability, but also a special awareness of where that ability will be useful. So, when a situation calls for your high­est aptitude, it is also most obvious to you what is needed; and you are astonished it’s not obvious to others.

But when aptitudes you don’t possess are what’s needed, you’re the one who is oblivious to what the situation really calls for and that blind­ness will aston­ish others.

So you exhibit the most intelligence where you have the highest aptitude; and the least where it’s lowest. You find it easiest to concentrate when employing your highest aptitudes—and concentrate for longer; while attention span is shortest where your aptitude is lowest.

Your memory works best with regard to your highest aptitude; and worst with your lowest. You make the least mistakes where aptitude is high; and the most where it’s low. Most important of all, you find it easiest to learn and improve your perform­ance where your aptitude is highest; and find it most difficult to improve where it is lowest.

Aptitude could be likened to the ins­tinctive horse­power you bring to a task: like the output of a motor determining how much work a vehicle can perform. Yes, changing other things in a vehicle can make it per­form better—just as knowhowand other fac­tors can be improved to affect human perform­ance—but the underly­ing capacity of the motor itself is always the base one builds upon.

Clearly, it is harder to sustain mot­ivation for things you find it difficult to do. And, of course, it’s easier to stay motivated about things that come easily to you. This is the real reason why most attitude-change benefits don’t last: they fail to affect the preferences controlled by one’s underlying instinctive aptitudes.

In the short term, it’s possible to find the motivation to do just about anything, no matter how difficult it feels—even sacrifice your own life for a ‘higher’ cause—but only if it doesn’t take too long. It’s virtually impossible to keep on acting against your instinctive inclination. (Ex­cept when someone else is continuing to dominate your will and control­ your actions.)

Conversely, your performance “sweet spot”—where you find it easiest to get into ‘the zone’ and stay there—is when passion (motivation) and talent (aptitude) join hands. Then suddenly you find yourself accomplish­ing things you didn’t even know you were capable of.

Excerpt © 2009 by A S Griffin.
Only a few of Gus’s answers on Quora have been copied to this blog. To see more of his insights on Quora click here.
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Posted March 27, 2019 at 10:47 pm by Gus Griffin · Permalink · Leave a comment
In: Misc

Mental antidotes

Question Gus was asked on Quora today: How do you “fill yourself” when you feel empty?

Reply: I’ve been asked to answer this question which already has over one hundred answers. Apparently, the requester is looking for something more than has already been offered.

I deal with this kind of problem routinely in my coaching practice, but this isn’t the usual sort of question I try to answer on Quora because there is not enough information to make a proper diagnosis of what is causing the person to feel empty in the first place.

“Empty” in the mind is an absence of something, not just anything. In other words, the word tends to suggest a nothingness, a void that could be filled with a variety of things. but that’s not how the mind works.

Emptiness in the mind is the absence of something desired. It could mean: I’m sick of overthinking things and I just want to take action. But it could also mean: I can’t help seeing life as a succession of problems to solve when what I really need to do is lighten up and take more pleasure in things.

It could also just mean: I’m lonely. Or: I’m out of touch with what I want. I could easily list a dozen more possible interpretations as well.

So emptiness is an absence of something desired, even if what you desire is simply to be able to desire – to feel passionate about achieving something, for instance.

That is the first step to “filling” your emptiness: consulting your intuition about how you would like to be feeling instead of empty. In Instinx Coaching, the question we use to explore this is: How would you like to be performing instead of this? (or variations on that theme.)

This is something anyone’s intuition can know. “Filling yourself” will mean different things to different people. Once you have clarified your personal antidote to emptiness, then you can focus your attention on obtaining it, on finding ways to give this to yourself.

But first you have to get this clearly in your sights so that you can focus on it. That alone will begin to allay your sense of emptiness to some degree.

Only a few of Gus’s answers on Quora have been copied to this blog. To see more of his material on Quora click here.
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Posted March 25, 2019 at 1:02 pm by Gus Griffin · Permalink · Leave a comment
In: Misc

Mental Strength

Question Gus was asked on Quora today: What makes people mentally strong?

Reply: Is it the design of a bridge, for example, that makes it strong? The way it harmonises with the forces of Nature rather than defies them?

Or is it the quality of the materials that went into its construction? Or is it the quality of workmanship (workpersonship?) that knits the whole thing together?

There are always several dimensions that contribute to the “strength” of any functional aspect of living.

From a neurophysiological point of view, what makes you mentally strong is the conductivity of your neural circuitry: the better your brain pathways flow, the more information and finer instructions they can carry. And by “better” in this case, I mean greater versatility: being able to carry a broader range of signals at varying frequencies—this is what a mature neural pathway can do, as contrasted with immature neural pathways which limit the range of emotions and actions which they can initiate. (Which is the source of fixed mental patterns like phobias and addictions.)

This is what produces the focused, resilient individual: who finds it relatively easy to get “into the zone” where he or she can make best use of their faculties and so perform at their best.

However, breadth of stimulus and experience plays an important role in determining when a person can be strong as well. People who develop their abilities along too narrow a spectrum, such as overly focused athletes, may too easily find themselves at a loss when confronted with situations which lay outside their normal experience. So they can only display “mental strength” in a limited range of situations. Their experience has not been varied enough to permit them to adapt to novel situations readily.

So one’s mental strength is partly a function of one’s current environment. It is not as easy to access one’s mental strength in unfamiliar surrounding as it is in familiar ones. On the other hand, a person who is used to encountering unfamiliar situations may find it easier to access their strength than when they are confronted by the routine. Hence extreme sportspeople, for example, are at their happiest and best when having to respond to the unexpected.

If you’re looking for a simple answer which distils down the functional essence of what makes a person strong, able to prevail in life’s situations without too much difficulty—or by overcoming great difficulty—then the answer would have to be: adaptability.

It is well established in zoology that this is what determines the viability of a species as well as the viability of any organism within that species, more than any other factor. How well can you find ways to adapt to new situations and requirements and challenges—or find ways to stably adapt your environment to your own requirements? That is what determines mental strength and resilience more than any other single factor.

Which begs the question: What determines how adaptable a person can be?

This is what I have been researching at a practical level for the past 30 years. And the short answer is: the command a person has over their own attention. How well he or she can focus where they want to, when they want to and to the degree of concentration they want to.

Conversely, what makes a person mentally weak is the opposite: avoidance and obsession, where a person’s finds their attention not under their own control, but is “taken” by things you can’t help thinking about, or resists focusing on what you should or could be focusing on to get better results.

Whenever you encounter persisting difficulty at doing something, or continue to feel disappointed about some aspect of your life, your ability to attend to that aspect of life needs to be boosted. When that happens, suddenly everything feels easier to cope with.

Only a few of Gus’s answers on Quora have been copied to this blog. To see more of his material on Quora click here.
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Posted March 20, 2019 at 4:40 pm by Gus Griffin · Permalink · Leave a comment
In: Misc